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ANNUAL REPORT & ACCOUNTS 2007/2008
Mr. Ananda Wijesuriya
Mr. Randolph Perera
Mr. Jayanath Perera
Immediate Past Chairman
Mr. S.S. Jayawickrama
The International Chamber of Commerce
Mr. Prema Cooray
The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce
50, Nawam Mawatha
Email: [email protected]
The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce
Mr. Ruwan Senanayake
The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce Import Section
Mr. Panduka Jayawardena
Mr. Adrian Oswald
The National Chamber of Commerce of Sri Lanka
Mr. Gihan Kuruppu
Mr. Nalin Jayasinghe
Mr. Tissa Ruberu
Exporters' Association of Sri Lanka
Mr. Devaka Attygalle
(Representative Until February 2008)
Mr. Lasantha Wickramasekara
(Representative From April 2008)
Mr. Deepal Chandrasekara
The National Chamber of Exporters' of Sri Lanka
Mr. Rasa Weerasingham
The Colombo Tea Traders' Association
Mr. L.S.G. Tillekeratne
Mr. Chandra Corea
The Colombo Rubber Traders' Association
Mr. Manjula Agalawatte
Mr. M.F. Jiffry
The Ceylon Coir Fibre Exporters' Association
Mr. Randolph Perera
Mr. N. Ramanathan
The Sri Lanka Freight Forwarders' Association
Mr. Niral Kadawatharatchie
The Sri Lanka Apparel Exporters' Association
Mr. Ruwan Waidyaratne
Mr. Rohan Ranasinghe
Sri Lanka Fruits & Vegetable Producers, Processors & Exporters' Association
Mr. Ajith Jayasekara
Mr. Zuresh Hashim
Sri Lanka Association of Air Express Companies
Mr. I. G. Mohamed
Mr. Ismath Rahman
Sri Lanka Logistics Providers' Association
Mr. Nuwan Samaranayake
Sri Lanka Coir & Allied Products Manufacturers Association
Mr. Andre Fernando
Mr. Harith Jayasuriya
Mr. Lakshman Tillekeratne
Seethawaka Industrial Park Manufacturers' Association
Mr. Shalinda Perera
Mr. Ananda Wijesuriya
Joint Apparel Association Forum
Mr. Malik Ahamadeen
Mr. Sean Van Dort
Tea Exporters' Association
(Representative From April 2008)
Mr. Terika Ratnayake
Mr. Linton Santiago
Agility Logistics (Pvt) Ltd
City Cycle Stores
Coco Lanka Ltd
Cross Ocean Logistics (Pvt) Ltd
Delmon Shipping & Logistics (Pvt) Ltd
Excel Global Holdings (Pvt) Ltd
Fascination Exports (Pvt) Ltd
Freight Links International (Pte) Ltd
Hela Clothing (Pvt) Ltd
Imperial Teas (Pvt) Ltd
James Finaly & Co. (Colombo) Ltd
MAC Holdings (Pvt) Ltd
Mabroc Teas (Pvt) Ltd
Neil Fernando & Co. (Pvt) Ltd
Orient Garments Ltd
Oxley Threads Lanka (Pvt) Ltd
Qualitea Ceylon (Pvt) Ltd
Readywear Industries Ltd
Standard Trading Co. (Pvt) Ltd
Tea Palace (Pvt) Ltd
Tea Tang Ltd
Van Rees Ceylon Ltd
SRI LANKA SHIPPERS' COUNCIL
Sri Lanka is a nation depending heavily on shipping services. Historically Colombo has been recognized as the most important and strategic geographical point in the east-west maritime group, which was also named as "Silk Route"
Membership of the Council consists of Chambers of Commerce and Trade Associations, and fifteen such organisations are currently members of the Council and the Council represents more than 95% of the import/export trade. The Council derives its broad based representation and membership from these trade Associations. The Council has now opened its doors to individual companies as Associate Members so that companies in the import/export trade could have access to the Council's resources and expertise to resolve their shipping related problems.
The Sri Lanka Shippers' Council is headed by an elected Chairman and assisted by a Vice-Chairman who is also elected by the constituent members.
The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce provides secretarial services to the Council and also acts as the Secretariat.
The Council actively promotes the Sri Lankan Government's vision of making the Colombo Port a competitive Maritime & Logistics Center in the Asian region, which would result in the generation of enhanced economic activity, employment and wealth. As such all Council activities have been planned and prepared to support this vision.
The Sri Lanka Shippers' Council is a founder member of the Association of Shippers' Councils of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka (ASCOBIPS), founded in 1981 and the Asian Shippers' Council, founded in 2004.
"To enhance the competitiveness of our members by abolishing hidden logistics costs."
We facilitate our customers to be more competitive in their Business Logistics; performance and cost, by the following;
- Being the APEX Body, protect the interest of our customers and being a strong Advocate to the Government.
- Ensuring cost effective strategies are developed and implemented in the logistics and value chain to make our members more competitive.
- Facilitating greater efficiencies in logistics by reducing logistics barriers and simplifying trade.
- Acting as the mediator in resolving conflicts amongst our customers (members).
- Facilitating a level playing field by developing and promoting a code of conduct / ethics for our customers (members).
- Establishing a centre for excellence for information sharing and to upgrade competencies of members to compete globally.
- Leveraging regional and global partnerships and facilitating global best practices in logistics in Sri Lanka.
It is the Council's firm belief that in order to be competitive with the international market Sri Lankan shippers' should;
- Not have any ambiguity in freight rates;
- Have freight and associated costs stabled, particularly for traditional exports such as tea, rubber, coconut products, which account for at least 70% of total export volume out of Sri Lanka. A major part of the turn over of these exports in foreign exchange is retained in the country and it is vital to protect these industries from international competition. Furthermore, these commodities are with relatively low margins and usually with forward trading patterns cannot absorb constant and continuous cost escalations.
- Concurrently are the major exports such as garments are usually traded on FOB terms and the local manufacturers are constantly under pressure to provide low priced services, thus are unable to absorb any additional charges keeping in mind that almost all material for these industries are being imported. Therefore the constant increases in charges could seriously affect such industries as they are called upon to pay these charges both at the point of import of raw materials and export of finished products.
- Have reasonable Service providers who would not take undue advantage from their captive customers.
OVERVIEW OF THE ECONOMY
In 2007, the Sri Lankan economy recorded a growth of well above 6 percent for the third consecutive year for the first time since Independence, demonstrating that Sri Lanka has now moved on to a higher growth path of above 6 percent per annum from the historical average of around 4-5 percent. The external sector demonstrated its resilience to external shock, with the balance of payment recording a surplus of US dollars 531 million, which raised the country's external reserves to a higher level, along with a greater stability in the exchange rate. The economic growth in 2007 was mainly driven by the performance in industry and services sectors which grew by 7.6 percent and 7.1 percent, respectively, while the agriculture sector grew moderately by 3.3 percent.
The services sector made the highest contribution 62 percent to the overall growth, while the industry and agriculture sectors contributed 32 percent and 6 percent, respectively. The services sector growth was driven by export trading services and port related services, reflecting the healthy external demand, while the domestic oriented services, such as banking and telecommunication services also contributed significantly toward the better performance. Gross inflows on account of transportation services continued to perform better, led mainly by a substantial increase in port related activities resulting from a higher volume of cargo handling, and increased earnings from passenger fares due to the expansion of flying destinations, flying hours and frequency by SriLankan Airlines.
The cargo handling ports and civil aviation sub-sector grew by 8.8 percent as against 20 percent growth in the previous year. The deceleration was mainly due to a lower growth in transshipment throughput volumes handled by the Colombo port compared to the previous year with the capacity constraints of Colombo port. During the year, the Colombo port including the South Asia Gateway Terminals (SAGT) handled a volume of 3.38 million TEUs, recording a 9.8 percent increase. This is the highest recorded TEUs handled by the Colombo port. Transshipment volumes, which account for over two thirds of the total throughput handled, expanded by 9.7 percent when compared to 36.6 percent growth in 2006. Total ship arrivals has increased by 5 percent to 4,710. The healthy export and import growth during the year and productivity improvements through increasing berth and yard capacity, replacing old cranes with modern ones and introduction of a new terminal management system have supported the developments. Air cargo volumes also grew by 5 percent reflecting a relatively lower expansion in aviation industry.
Recognizing the important contribution of the port sector to the economy and to meet the growing competition for port services in the region, necessary steps have been taken to implement several port development projects. The construction of the Colombo Port Expansion Project (CPEP) has been given priority, as capacity limitations as the port could lead to loss of its market share in transshipment. The CPEP includes construction of a breakwater sufficient to accommodate three terminals, dredging, establishment of a new marine operations center, relocation of a submarine oil pipeline etc. After completion of the project, it is expected to increase the current container handling capacity up to 5.7 million TEUs by 2010 and further to 8.1 million TEUs by 2015.
Several regional port development projects were also in progress in 2007. The Galle port development by constructing an outer breakwater to facilitate the berth of large vessels and a new multi-purpose terminal to meet the future demand and to reallocate bulk cargo handling from the port of Colombo, commenced with a load provided under a bilateral arrangement. The new terminal will help to reduce the waiting time of vessels, and will cater to large vessels. Furthermore, the project will greatly facilitate the Southern area development plan, which is presently being implemented. Basic infrastructure facilities required for the new Hambatota Sea Port Development project are being provided. As the international shipping routes fall closer to the Hambantota port, the port is expected to be more the competitive on cargo handling as well as the supply of other ancillary services. The first phase of the project is expected to commence in 2010. At the same time, the Oluvil Port Development Project was also in progress in 2007.
The slow progress in the implementation of some planned infrastructure projects announced in the "Ten-year Horizon Development Framework 2006-2007 (THDF) needs to be addressed as a matter of priority sooner rather than later. Flagship projects such as the Colombo South Port Expansion Project, Hambantota Sea Port Development, Colombo – Katunayake Expressway, Colombo – Kandy Expressway, Southern Expressway, the Colombo Outer Circular Road, Weerawila Airport, etc., have been making slower progress than expected. These projects need to be expedited to achieve sustainable high economic growth in the medium term and to prevent cost escalations.
Earnings from exports increased further in 2007, with increases in volumes as well as prices in respect of some key categories of exports. Initiatives taken by exporters to meet intensifying competition in international markets, trading arrangements between Sri Lanka and her trading partners as well as the favourable performance of export destination countries in terms of economic growth, through much of 2007, helped raise earnings from industrial exports. Meanwhile, the unprecedented rise in petroleum prices in international markets indirectly had a favourable impact on Sri Lanka's key agricultural commodity exports, by raising demand for such exports. Consequently, export earnings in 2007 totaled US dollars 7,740 million, which is an impressive increase of 12.5 percent, year-on-year, compared to the previous year.
Industrial exports expanded by 10 percent in 2007, largely supported by a marked increase in the earnings from exports of garments and textiles. Exports of garments and textiles continue to be the largest source of foreign exchange earnings for Sri Lanka. Much of the increase in exports of garments and textiles could be attributed to the concessions received by Sri Lanka in respect of its exports to countries in the European Union under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP+) scheme.
Expenditure on imports recorded relatively modest increases during much of the year 2007 mainly as a result of subdued increases in expenditure on consumer goods imports. However, by end 2007, expenditure on imports recorded an increase of 10.2 percent, year-on-year, due to significant increases in expenditure on imports of investment goods and more notably, petroleum. Imports of petroleum contributed 40 percent to the year-on-year increase in expenditure on imports in 2007, as a result of international petroleum prices rising to unprecedented levels towards the end of 2007.
A positive development in respect of Sri Lanka's imports in 2007 was the 19.6 percent growth in the cumulative expenditure on investment goods, which augurs well for future economic activity. The expansion of expenditure on imports of investment goods was underpinned by the accelerated development projects launched by the government and projects undertaken by the private sector, especially in the construction, telecommunication and information technology sectors.
Direction of Trade
The degree of concentration of Sri Lanka's export markets further decline in 2007, but a few Western countries, which account for more than 50 percent of Sri Lanka's exports, still comprise the largest markets. Although the share of exports to the USA declined further due to intense competition in the apparel market, the USA continued to be the most important market for Sri Lanka's exports. India, which had become an increasingly important market for Sri Lanka's exports following the implementation of the Indo-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement in 2000.
India also continued to be the largest source of imports into Sri Lanka in 2007, while Asian countries continued to dominate Sri Lanka's imports. India's share in Sri Lanka's total imports further increased to 23 percent in 2007, with Sri Lanka importing refined petroleum as well as several consumer durable items such as motor vehicles and a large number of commodities such as sugar, rice, onions and cement.
At the Thirty Seventh Annual General Meeting held on 18th July 2007, Mr. Ananda Wijesuriya and Mr. Randolph Perera were elected Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Council respectively.
ACTIVITIES OF THE COUNCIL
The activities of the Council have been focused on issues faced by shippers on shipping and port related matters. The Council always performed a lead role in resolving problems and serve as the focal point where various shipping and port related matters are brought up and discussed. In addition, the Council actively advises the Government on matters relating to port and shipping whenever its advice is sought after.
The following eight (8) action committees were appointed for better coordination and guidance purposes, while a past chairman was nominated as an adviser for each committee;
- Freight Rates/ Terminal Handling Charges (THC)
- Customs/Sri Lanka Ports Authority/Maritime Rates
- Airport Issues
- Education and Seminars
- Membership Drive, Fund Raising & Finances/Accounts
- SLSC Website
A detailed description of the activities of the Council appears elsewhere in this report. However, in this section for your easy reference we give below the main topics covered in the report.
- Terminal Handling Charge
- Freight Rates & Surcharges
- Need for a Regulator to look after the interest of all stakeholders
- Maritime Policy of Sri Lanka
- Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
- War Risk Surcharge
- Sri Lanka Customs
- Federation of ASEAN Shippers' Councils (FASC)
- Global Shippers' Forum (GSF) & the Asian Shippers Councils (ASC)
- Association of Shippers' Councils of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka (ASCOBIPS)
TERMINAL HANDLING CHARGE (THC)
Despite our continuous lobbying against the application of THC, the authorities continue to turn a blind eye. As a result, during the period under review we have seen shipping lines arbitrarily introducing various other charges apart from the Freight Rate and THC. This has affected the exporters competitiveness in the international market whilst seriously affecting the consumers as a result of imported good going up in price.
Due to the silence of the authorities concerned on these unreasonable charges the lines have taken the advantage of increasing the THC without adopting to any consultative procedures with the shippers and importers.
Hence, the Sri Lanka Shippers' Council, together with the Joint Apparel Association Forum, the Sri Lanka Apparel Exporters' Association, the Exporters' Association of Sri Lanka, Fascination Exports (Pvt) Ltd and Brandix Ltd, through the parties lawyers made written submissions to the Minister of Ports & Aviation, Acting Minister of Ports & Aviation and the Director General of Merchant Shipping, with regard to THC and the unreasonable fees charged by Shippers. However, since no response was received by the government authorities concerned, the parties proceeded with legal action filing a fundamental rights case at the Supreme Court, compelling the government authorities to take appropriate action. On a directive given by the Chief Justice to the Secretary to the Ministry of Ports & Aviation, Mr. Tilak Collure, a Mediation Committee was appointed with the Chairmanship of the Director General of Merchant Shipping, Mr. Shantha Weerakoon and as Members Mr. Ananda S Wijesuriya, Chairman, SLSC, and Capt. Ajith Peiris representing CASA and SLAVO, with SLPA Managing Director nominated as an Observer, to sought a solution to the matter. The Committee had several discussions and is in the process of concluding the final report as at the date of writing.
FREIGHT RATES & SURCHARGES
During the period under review the freight rates to Far East and Australian destinations remained very steady without any rapid upward or downward movements. Colombo Far East rates were exceptionally attractive due to heavy re positioning of the containers.
We saw an upward movement on Colombo UK/Continent rates mainly during July August last year and gradually came down and held firm. As in the past the UK/Continent rate fluctuation had a direct correlation to Far Eastern cargo volumes to the Western destinations.
Colombo Karachi sector often experienced space issues and the rate volatility is unpredictable. Around March this year the rates increased substantially.
Gulf rates increased towards the latter part of 2007, and currently the rates are on the decline, mainly due to the availability of extra ship capacity. An increase was observed in freight rates to the Mediterranean destinations throughout the period as a result of congestions of many Med-ports. High BSC and CAF rates also had an effect on the freight rates to these destinations.
Colombo USA rates increased substantially during the period under review and currently experiencing a space predicament.
NEED FOR A REGULATOR TO LOOK AFTER THE INTEREST OF ALL STAKEHOLDERS
The Council continues to perceive the necessity of a regulatory body to monitor maritime service activities in Sri Lanka, which directly affect the importers and exporters. The SLSC reiterates that a regulatory body should not in any way interfere with free market economic policies. However their role should be to monitor and restrict/control any carterlized activities in the market, thereby preventing unreasonable and arbitrary levies being imposed hindering the import export business in Sri Lanka.
ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE (EDI)
It is with great enthusiasm that all are eagerly waiting to experience and to benefit out of the, fully implemented "Automated Cargo Clearance System" in Sri Lanka, but it is regrettable to state that not even ten percent of the total package has been implemented thus far. During the last several years, the Shippers Council, with the assistance of other stakeholders took many initiatives to push forward by having many discussions/presentations, with the main service provider M/s. eServices Lanka Pvt Ltd.
Current status of the EDI system;
Work under discussion and in progress
- CUSDEC submission for Exports and Imports online 24 hours
- For BOI, air cargo CUSDEC could be forwarded directly to Air Cargo Village Katunayake by skipping the IS Dept
- Manifest reporting and submission
- On line Tea Board Approval for Tea Export shipments
- Online shipping note submission
- Acceptance of BOI /Customs and SLPA payments electronically
- Acceptance of accompanying documents electronically
- Automation of manifest /Sub-manifest and Delivery Order
WAR RISK SURCHARGE
Sri Lanka is still under held cover status and the SLSC would like the authorities to monitor the situation very carefully, as any impose of a war risk surcharge would be further detrimental to the export trade and Sri Lankan economy.
SRI LANKA CUSTOMS
The Council on numerous occasions highlighted to the Sri Lanka Customs the importance of maintaining a close and meaningful dialog in order to bring solutions to many problems that the importers and exporters face.
FEDERATION OF ASEAN SHIPPERS' COUNCILS (FASC)
The 30th Annual General Meeting of the Federation of ASEAN Shippers' Council (FASC) was hosted by the Malaysian National Shippers' Council on 19th September 2007 in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia. The FASC AGM was organized in conjunction with the World Shippers Conference 2007, which was held on 18th September 2007 in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia.
A five member delegation led by the Chairman, along with the Vice Chairman, represented the Shippers' Council at the FASC AGM. The members who took part are from Indonesian National Shippers' Council, Malaysian National Shippers' Council, Philippine Shippers' Bureau, Singapore National Shippers' Council, Thai National Shippers' Council, Australian Peak Shippers' Association, China Shippers' Association, Hong Kong Shippers' Council and Korean Shippers' Council.
GLOBAL SHIPPERS' FORUM (GSF) & THE ASIAN SHIPPERS' COUNCIL (ASC)
The Global Shippers' Forum (GSF) and the Asian Shippers' Council annual conferences were held from 16th to 18th September 2007 in Singapore to discuss the goals and challenges faced by shippers in the organization and development of the freight transportation industry. A three member delegation led by the Chairman represented the Sri Lanka Shippers' Council.
A major priority identified by the GSF was to call on Asian countries to undertake a major overhaul of their own laws and regulations, which should outlaw anti-competitive practices by liner conferences and discussion agreements. A group outlined in a „Special Statement of Support of Competitive Shipping Reforms in Asia' issued following their meeting that there should be an immediate review by Asian governments putting forth competitive liner reforms which will enhance benefits for consumers and their economies alike. Similar efforts in Europe and North America have brought about similar results. It was positively noted that two of the largest growing economies being India and China have already initiated reforms to this end.
A Joint Declaration was signed by the: Asian Shippers' Council (ASC); Canadian Industrial Transportation Association (CITA); the European Shippers' Council (ESC); Japan Shippers' Council (JSC); and the National Industrial Transportation League (NITL).
ASSOCIATION OF SHIPPERS' COUNCILS OF BANGLADESH, INDIA, PAKISTAN & SRI LANKA (ASCOBIPS)
The Annual General Meeting of the Association of Shippers' Councils of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka (ASCOBIPS) was held in August 2007 in Mumbai, India. The Chairmanship of ASCOBIPS was handed over to the All Indian Shippers' Council. All member countries excluding Pakistan were present at this annual event.
The Sri Lanka Shippers' Council had provided its utmost support to India to take policy decisions.
The Council continues to facilitate the trade by assisting in the mediation of trade disputes among the shipping lines, freight forwarders, NVOCC Operators, and shippers.
The Council continues to maintain its close association with the Government and Private sector organizations and also with the Trade Associations with a view to improve the service level of these organizations.
THE CEYLON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (CCC)
The Chairman of the Sri Lanka Shippers' Council is a member of the Committee of the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce, the oldest Chamber in Sri Lanka with a history of over 165 years. The Council members have had several meetings with the Chamber officials on policy matters relating to port and shipping.
The membership of the Council is open to all Trade Chambers and Associations engaged in Shipping and Port related activities as well as individual companies in the import/export trade. The membership committee is responsible for developing and increasing the membership of the Council.
The annual membership fee for Trade Associations/Chambers is Rs. 5,000/-, while the membership fee for individual companies is Rs. 2,000/-.
During the year under review, the Council approved membership for the following companies/organizations as Individual and Trade Association Members:
- Joint Apparel Association Forum
- Tea Exporters' Association
The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce manage the Council funds on behalf of the Council.
The website is regularly updated with trade related information and hosts value added services. The website address of the Council is www.shipperscouncil.lk
The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce provides Secretarial services to the Council. The infrastructure of the Chamber is readily available to the Council.
BY THE ORDER OF THE COUNCIL
16th June 2008
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